The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

4. The 2012 Ig Nobel Neuroscience Prize

武汉一楼盘销售时承诺赠面积交房时未兑现

However, significantly fewer women (59 per cent) occupy positions as department heads or above than men (68 per cent) three years after graduation.
Saif held the highest position among the five ranked Chinese schools, just ahead of Guanghua School of Management and Tsinghua University School of Economics and Management, 17th and 18th respectively.
She also said that in the longer-term the other “R” was “reset”, by which she explained that monetary and fiscal policies around the world still had a long way to go before they could be classed as normal. “The final reset is those structural reforms that are necessary in all corners of the world,” she added.
另一名来自美国的毕业生写道,来自世界各地的知识的丰富性和深度为课程带来了巨大的价值,他补充称,“鉴于这里汇聚着众多的文化和经验,有关贿赂的课堂道德讨论不像典型的美国学校那样枯燥。”

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 欧普照明净利下降 OEM模式现隐忧 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

“双十一”:房地产借势促销去库存

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

日本央行会收紧货币政策吗?
政府确实管了一些不该管、也不应属于自己管的事情,它束缚了市场主体的手脚,降低了行政效率,甚至影响了政府的公信力。
但支撑其大国地位的经济基础正逐步下滑。
凯特·温丝莱特凭借她在电影《乔布斯》中扮演的乔安娜·霍夫曼一角斩获金球奖最佳女配角奖项。当她听到自己获奖时,她目瞪口呆地坐在椅子上不敢相信。

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

单词commercial 联想记忆:
Staffing
Epic Games游戏工作室对包括迦勒·罗杰斯在内的两个人进行了法律诉讼,因为他们使用作弊软件来玩《堡垒之夜》这个游戏。

业内:预测2018年将是房地产销量的“小年”

"As robotics is expanding into nearly every industry, Chinese robot makers should realize the gap between them and foreign brands, take advantage of China's robotics development boom and learn from foreign experience to help China grow from the world's largest robot market into a robot manufacturing power," said Qu.
尽管外贸额占经济总量的比重逐渐增大,但是相比那些每天都大量采购各种日用品,食品而且随意采纳金融方面建议的欧洲和亚洲的主要竞争者,美国经济更容易免受外部不良因素的冲击,实际上相比与外国的竞争者具有更好的抵御危机的能力。

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 黑中介半夜砸门敲诈租客每人2万 女子惊吓过度流产 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

单词enterprise 联想记忆:
时间:2011-12-27 编辑:Jasmine
Hailed as one of the greatest films of all time, Taxi Driver tells the story of a depressed ex-Marine who attempts to assassinate a senator after being rejected by a woman he admires. While the titular taxi driver, Travis Bickle, lives a chaotic life filled with drug dealers and prostitutes, his story was never meant to be an unrealistic fantasy. Rather, it meant to expose the very real warning signs of a would-be gunman.
澳大利亚管理研究生院的一名毕业生表示:“最初,我对攻读在线课程颇有疑虑,但沟通和在线互动非常棒。”

新政后满2年300万二手房 可免交16.5万营业税

在中国北方分析出的这种病毒与1957年以前传播的病毒相似,因此,1957年以前出生的人一般都有了抵抗力,而在那年之后出生的儿童和年轻人由于没有预先的免疫力而缺乏抵抗力。1978年这种病毒在世界各地传播开来,其中包括美国。这种病主要发生在孩子们身上,因此,这次流感没被看成是真正的大流行。1977-78年的流感季节,还没有及时地生产出控制病毒的疫苗,但是,1978-79年的流感疫苗就包含了这种病毒的疫苗。
The potential impact of any surprise move in Fed policy was clear in the “taper tantrum” of 2013, when just the suggestion that the Fed might soon rein in its ultra-loose monetary policies was enough to provoke a wave of global panic.
问:对于你的作品在西方广受欢迎一事,你是怎么看的?
There is a natural human tendency to idealize and whitewash days of yore, to cast them in the rosy glow of the mind’s eye.
'Winning the Skytrax World's Best Airport Award for the fifth consecutive year is immense encouragement to our 50,000-strong airport community at Changi Airport, every one of whom is passionate about delivering the most memorable airport experience to our passengers', said Lee Seow Hiang, CEO of Changi Airport Group, in a statement.
announced
[sju:'pri:m]
● “佛罗里达一男子在毒品实验室放屁引发火灾,后死于爆炸”
[r?f]

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

噢,卡梅隆,真希望你还有高中时的风采,因为那时的你是史诗般的存在。
今年,标普500指数的总回报率为14%,比该指数25年期平均年化收益率高出40%。过去12个月,华尔街的首席战略师们一直在上调其目标值。标普500指数出现了50多次创纪录的收盘,几乎所有专业投资管理人士都卯足了劲,至少要跑平该指数。但有些因素让美股投资者要获得高于基准股指的收益,在今年尤为困难。
AFI Movies of the Year
The memes were shared as part of a private Facebook chat where admitted students in the class of 2021 shared edgy jokes as part of a "just-because-we-got-into-Harvard-doesn't-mean-we-can't-have-fun kind of thing", an admitted student told the Harvard Crimson.
In this Jan. 15, 2008, file photo, Apple CEO Steve Jobs holds up the new MacBook Air after giving the keynote address at the Apple MacWorld Conference in San Francisco

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

While the political system will be fixated on preserving stability as new leaders take the helm, reduced economic flexibility could thwart Beijing's intentions to do so.

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

因此,有如此强大的南美洲队伍坐镇,主要的挑战力量将来自何方呢?嗯,来自欧洲的强势力量恐怕便是最显而易见的答案了,你还能去哪里寻找一个比西班牙更有冠军相的球队呢?作为一支卫冕冠军,并坐拥两届欧锦赛的冠军头号,这是一支不仅知道如何出色发挥,同时知晓如何赢得比赛的队伍。因此,虽然梅西和罗纳尔多曾获得所有年度最佳球员的头衔,但是哈维(Xavi)和伊涅斯塔(Iniesta)却将所有主要冠军据为己有。那么,他们在2014年将延续冠军生涯么?对于这个困扰世界上其他国家的问题,答案是肯定的。不仅大多数老将依然坚守岗位,许多包括科克(Koke )和蒂亚戈·阿尔坎塔拉(Thiago Alcantara)等有才华的年轻球员也加入了。不仅仅如此,他们还从东道主的眼皮下挖走了一个才华横溢的射手蒂亚戈·科斯塔(Diego Costa)收入囊中,因为这位马德里竞技(Atletico Madrid)的前锋选择为西班牙效力,而非自己出生国家踢球。
其实,中国经济增速放缓至8%左右,对中国乃至世界都是一件好事。更具环境可持续性、更加公平的局面,将缓解社会忧虑,而更高的消费将缓解全球贸易紧张。

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

“微博等新媒体让每个人都拥有了发言平台,如果你不能直面批评,与百姓合作,是不能做好工作的。”

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)